According to Water Damage Defense, 98 percent of homes have reported suffering some sort of water damage in the basement. If your basement is prone to flooding, there is a simple solution to get rid of that excess moisture in a matter of minutes: a sump pump. If you're in the market for your home's first sump pump, here are a few tips to help you purchase the ideal product for your needs and budget:
Types of Sump Pumps Available
There are several different types of sump pumps available, including those that will get rid of "grey" water, such as water from your dishwasher or washing machine. However, as a homeowner, chances are you will choose between two of the most popular types of pumps: submersible and pedestal.
Here is some information about submersible and pedestal sump pumps:
- Submersible pump – A submersible pump is constructed to sit in the sump basin and, as its name suggest, can be completely submerged under water. Submersible pumps are cooled by the surrounding water and are typically more powerful than a pedestal pump. If you have an ongoing issue with basement flooding, a submersible pump is the best option.
- Pedestal pump – A pedestal pump sits above-ground and is cooled by drawing air into the unit. If your basement isn't prone to flooding, and you are on a budget, a pedestal pump is the best option because it features less horsepower.
Both submersible and pedestal pumps are not intended to remove wastewater. If you require a pump to remove the above-mentioned grey water, you will need to purchase an effluent pump.
Now that you've chosen between a submersible and pedestal pump, it's time to determine which type of float switch is the best option. The pump's float switch is triggered when the water rises above the switch itself, which causes the pump to turn on and begin eliminating water.
There are three different types of float switches available for your residential sump pump:
- Electronic float switch – An electric float switch is a great option if you have a smaller pump basin, because they take up less space. Look for an electronic float switch that features a water depth alarm, which goes off when the water in the basement reaches a certain level.
- Vertical float switch – Much like an electronic float switch, a vertical float switch is a great option because it takes up less space. It is also a more cost-effective option.
- Tethered float switch – If you have a larger basin, the tethered float switch is a great option. Because of the way it sits in the basin, the tethered switch is typically triggered less often than the vertical or electronic switch. This means it will use up less electricity.
Finally, another big consideration is the type of material used to construct the pump and the pump housing. Generally, the majority of pumps you will see at your local will be constructed from one of the following materials:
- Stainless steel – The costliest choice, stainless steel is a great option because it is very strong and will last for several years. If your basement is prone to flooding, a stainless steel pump is the best choice.
- Thermoplastic – If you're on a budget, a thermoplastic pump is a great choice. It isn't as durable as a stainless steel model, but it will last for several years.
- Cast Iron – Cast iron is strong, built to last and the material is better at distributing heat, which will help keep the motor cooler.
Choosing the right sump pump for your basement and budget can seem tricky. If you're having trouble finding the right model, don't hesitate to contact a professional basement waterproofing specialist, such as John's Waterproofing, for assistance.